Austin Hess 2020-10-14 03:10:13
World Migratory Bird Day is celebrated on May 11 with the aim of encouraging education and raising awareness of the need to protect migratory birds and their habitats. Currently, there are about 10,000 species of birds around the world, among which, approximately 1,800 are classified as "migratory birds" due to a differential characteristic: their nomadic need for mobility due to seasonal climatic variations, unfavorable for mating and the development of babies. From this number of species, around 15% are in critical danger of extinction.
In Panama, birdlife is very varied and recently the country was consolidated as the Central American champion during the Global Big Day when 915 species were identified, a result that even surpassed countries such as Mexico, which has more species and land extension. In Panama, it is not necessary to go far or wake up early to see birds, as visitors and residents have the opportunity to appreciate the beautiful spectacle of migration in the heart of the city.
Much of this remarkable diversity is due to the location of Panama between North and South America. As a bridge between two land masses, Panama also serves as a transit path for many migratory species and its coasts harbor seabirds and aquatic birds, both from the Atlantic and the Pacific. The broken geography of Panama generates a wide variety of habitats including wet and dry lowland forests, foothill and highland forests, coastal habitats such as mangroves, beaches and mudflats.
The national avifauna includes a total of 1001 species, belonging to 26 orders and 88 families. Three species have been introduced by man and around 160 are considered rare or accidental. According to the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature 12 of the species are endemic to the country, among them: glow-throated hummingbird, stripe-cheeked woodpecker, beautiful treerunner, Panamanian tyrannulet, Basileuterus, yellow-green finch and Coiba spinetail. The last one inhabits only on Coiba Island.