PORTOBELO AND ITS HISTORY

PORTOBELO AND ITS HISTORY

Marcos Quiroz 2020-10-21 12:32:29

The walled city of Portobelo was discovered by Christopher Columbus on November 2, 1502 during his fourth journey to America, who was fascinated by its beautiful landscapes, calm waters and lush vegetation.

With the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century, this settlement became an important economic, commercial and cultural center in Central America. Due to its strategic position in the Caribbean Sea, during the colonial period Portobelo was one of the main export ports of gold, silver and other goods from Central and South America to Spain.

Therefore, this thriving economy experienced an interesting cultural exchange. People from different parts of the world sought a better life in this hidden paradise, some for business, others for adventure and many others were brought as slaves from Africa to do the heaviest jobs. This combination of cultures and races eventually adapted to the tropical weather and integrated the different traditions and values into a harmonious relationship of respect and coexistence.

This cultural wealth is reflected in the excitement of the people, as well as the large number of celebrations, rituals, religions and festivities that are organized in the community. Among them is the famous Carnival of Portobelo, the commemoration of the Black Christ or the recent Festival of Diablos & Congos. These are some of the activities that show both locals and tourists the true essence of Portobelo. The National Park of Portobelo created on December 22, 1976, is famous for the different fortifications that surround the bay, which were declared World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1980. Today, this is the ideal place to practice different activities framed in history, tradition and culture. Portobelo is considered a tourist destination that combines authentic experiences, adventure, legendary places, landscapes with intense wildlife, birds and other native animals, dense vegetation, pristine islands and unique cultural wealth.

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